As the Holy month of Ramadan 2015 comes to an end – expected to end this weekend (perhaps even tomorrow), Friday, 17th July 2015 – when the moon will be sighted and Idd will be celebrated, the legacy of His Excellency Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is on my mind. The propaganda prior to his murder and according to some the justification for his murder was that his death would be good riddance for Libya, Africa and the World. However, nearly four years since he was murdered, a Google search from Uganda using the key words: ‘Libya after Gadaffi’ results in links to opinions which consistently assess Libya after Gadaffi as not the land that was promised post Gaddafi; it is not the land from which the devil was rid.
For example, Patrick Cockburn’s assessment in 2014 was that “Three years after Gadaffi, Libya is imploding into chaos and violence. Its oil exports have fallen from 1.4 million barrels a day in 2011 to 235,000 barrels a day. Militias hold 8,000 people in prisons, many of whom say they have been tortured. Some 40,000 people from the town of Tawergha south of Misrata were driven from their homes which have been destroyed.” Cockburn asserts that the reason for the overthrow and murder of Gaddafi was not necessarily for the benefit of Libyans. “The Nato powers that overthrew him – and by some accounts gave the orders to kill him – did not do so because he was a tyrannical ruler. It was rather because he pursued a quirkily nationalist policy backed by a great deal of money which was at odds with western policies in the Middle East”, writes Cockburn http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/commentators/three-years-after-gaddafi-libya-is-imploding-into-chaos-and-violence-9194697.html
For many Africans, including Ugandans, the devilization of Gaddafi by the global-west indeed we took with a pinch of salt. Yes, by all means he was not a saint, but his deeds were not all bad. He did some good and by the look of things in Libya’s post-Gaddafi era, in comparison, his deeds achieved a greater good. For many in Africa Gaddafi is one among Africa’s heroes and who was murdered for his legacy of “Gaddafism – an ideology advocating for a strong, united Africa, which prioritized the interests of the indigenous masses over the interests of the foreign corporate bourgeoisie.” http://www.countercurrents.org/chengu211013.htm
The positive impacts of Gaddafi’s good deeds undoubtedly are missed by some in Libya and certainly by a significant section of Africans – for example, in Uganda. In Gaddafi’s death Uganda lost a ‘brother-friend’. An opinion that I authored about two years prior to his murder captures the reason for my assessment that Gaddafi’s death was a loss to Uganda. In March 2008, I wrote:
Gaddafi: A Pragmatic PanAfricanist
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi jetted into Uganda on Sunday, 15th March 2008, to a warm welcome from the president and the people of Uganda, with all the pomp and ceremony befitting a head of state, colonel, brother and friend of Uganda. Col. Gaddafi is in Uganda for a four-day official visit that will see him officiate at the closing ceremony for the week long Afro-Arab Youth Conference that has been taking place in Kampala and officially opening the Old Kampala Mosque, the building of which he funded. This is not the first visit that Col. Gaddafi makes to Uganda and it suffices to say, all his visits to Uganda are a sign of friendship with the people of Uganda. A friendship by nature is a symbiotic relationship in which there is mutual benefit. The benefits that Uganda gets from the visits of Col. Gaddafi are numerous.
Perhaps, the biggest benefit to Uganda from Col. Gaddafi’s visits to Uganda is economic. Col. Gaddafi’s visits to Uganda signals his approval of Uganda and therefore encourages Libyan’s to invest in Uganda. In the recent past, a considerable number of Libyans have invested in Uganda. Therefore, creating much needed jobs for Ugandans that are ultimately contributing to improving household incomes.
Col. Gaddafi is perhaps one of the most committed and genuinely active Pan-Africanists. He is genuinely fighting for a united Africa and this makes economic sense, if you think of economies of scale. If Africa were to unite, we would have strength in numbers – our negotiation powers with the rest of the world would be strengthened and we would have created a large market that would be attractive for investors. In the long term, therefore, Col Gaddafi’s visit to Uganda could be of greater benefit to Uganda if he uses it and succeeds in convincing Kampala to join the school of thought for a united Africa. Uganda is a small landlocked country that needs other African countries for it to develop. The impact on Uganda of the recent chaos in Kenya illustrates this point.
Slightly over a week ago, International Women’s Day was celebrated on 8th March. As usual, President Museveni, officiated at the official celebrations in Uganda that were held at Kololo. There were also other district level celebrations at which mostly the male Resident District Commissioners (RDCs) officiated. In some cases, allegedly, the male RDCs physically restrained women representatives from officiating at these ceremonies. There were of course loads of speeches made, with a lot of blah, blah, blah about women empowerment. The theme for this year’s women’s day celebrations was “The role of women in transforming societies to achieve political, economic and social development”. Col. Gaddafi’s visit comes with welcome fresh air of women empowerment in action. Col. Gaddafi’s inner security detail is manned by women. Indeed, there are very few, if not no other heads of state other than Gaddafi whose security detail is manned by women. Kampala could learn something from Col. Gaddafi’s pro-women policies and the women of Kampala can draw inspiration from the women who are ensuring Col. Gaddafi’s safety.
Old Kampala Mosque is a truly magnificent complex that commands presence and has added to the aesthetic value of Old Kampala. Col. Gaddafi did not only provide the funding, he ensured that the best human resource and materials were imported in to Uganda to ensure that the job was well done. Old Kampala Mosque is no ordinary worship house. It is amongst the largest in Africa and comes with a complex of conference halls, study centres, shops, etc. Col. Gaddafi’s current visit to Uganda will see him personally officially open this complex.
Col. Gaddafi is a global figure, albeit in some circles he is considered notorious. Never-the-less, his visit to Uganda, once again puts the global spotlight on Uganda, from the Arab-world to the Western-world. Uganda stands to gain from a boom in tourism.
Old Kampala Mosque is a symbol of Col. Gaddafi’s genuine conviction and belief in religion, Islam, and a sign of how religion can be used for promoting development for the greater benefit of the people. This is as opposed to religion promoting bad politics of sectarianism as is the norm in Uganda.
A version of this article was published in the African Executive http://www.africanexecutive.com/modules/magazine/articles_editor.php?editor=294